Safeguarding / Child Protection Policy 2016/17
UNCRC: Article 19: ensure children are protected from all forms of violence, abuse, neglect and bad treatment by their parents or anyone else who looks after them.
Aims, Purpose and Principles
School Designated Safeguarding Head
Induction And Training
Dealing With Concerns
Safeguarding In School
Conduct Of Staff
Allegations Against Members Of Staff
Before And After School Activities
Provision to Help Pupils Stay Safe
Implementation, Monitoring and Review
AIMS OF THIS POLICY
To ensure that children are effectively safeguarded from the potential risk of harm at Anagh Coar Primary School and that the safety and wellbeing of the children is of the highest priority in all aspects of the school’s work.
To help the school maintain its ethos whereby staff, pupils, parents and governors feel able to articulate any concerns comfortably, safe in the knowledge that effective action will be taken as appropriate.
PURPOSE OF THIS POLICY
To ensure that all members of the school community…
…are aware of their responsibilities in relation to safeguarding and child protection.
…know the procedures that should be followed if they have a cause for concern.
…know where to go to find additional information regarding safeguarding.
…are aware of the key indicators relating to child abuse.
…fully support the school’s commitment to safeguarding and child protection.
The school Safeguarding and Child Protection Policy should also be read in conjunction with the school’s Health and Safety Policy and Behaviour Policy and with the child protection policies, procedures and guidelines produced by the Department of Education and Children (DEC) and the Isle of Man Safeguarding Children Board (IOMSCB) which can be accessed at: http://www.isleofmanscb.im
1.1 We have a statutory duty to promote and safeguard the welfare of children, and have due regard to guidance issued by the DEC at all times.
1.2 This school recognises its legal and moral duty to promote the well-being of children, and protect them from harm, and respond to child abuse concerns when they arise.
1.3 We believe that every child and young person has at all times and in all situations a right to feel safe and protected from any situation or practice that results in a child being physically or psychologically damaged.
1.4 We agree that we have a primary responsibility for the care, welfare and safety of the pupils in our charge, and we will carry out this duty through our teaching and learning, extracurricular activities, pastoral care and extended school activities. In order to achieve this, all members of staff (including volunteers and governors) in this school, in whatever capacity, will at all times act proactively in child welfare matters especially where there is a possibility that a child may be at risk of significant harm.
1.5 The school seeks to adopt an open and accepting attitude towards children as part of their responsibility for pastoral care. The school hopes that parents and children will feel free to talk about any concerns and will see school as a safe place if there are any difficulties at home.
1.6 Children’s worries and fears will be taken seriously if they seek help from a member of staff. However, staff must not promise secrecy if concerns are such that referral must be made to the appropriate agencies in order to safeguard the child’s welfare.
1.7 In our school, if there are suspicions that a child’s physical, sexual or emotional well-being is being, or is likely to be, harmed, or that they are being neglected, appropriate action will be taken in accordance with the Child Protection procedures issued by IOMSCB.
1.8 As a consequence, we
assert that teachers and other members of staff (including volunteers) in the school are an integral part of the child safeguarding process;
accept totally that safeguarding children is required and is an appropriate function for all members of staff in the school, and wholly compatible with their primary pedagogic responsibilities.
recognise that safeguarding children in this school is a responsibility for all staff, including volunteers, and the Governing body;
will ensure through training and supervision that all staff and volunteers in the school are alert to the possibility that a child is at risk of suffering harm, and know how to report concerns or suspicions;
will designate a senior member of staff with knowledge and skills in recognising and acting on child protection concerns. He or she will act as a source of expertise and advice, and is responsible for coordinating action within the school and liaising with other agencies; Mr R Coole is the Designated Safeguarding Lead.
ensure (through the Designated Safeguarding Lead) that all staff with designated responsibility for child protection will receive appropriate training to the minimum standard set out by the DEC.
will share our concerns with others who need to know, and assist in any referral process;
will ensure that all members of staff and volunteers who have a suspicion or concern that a child may be suffering, or may be at risk of suffering significant harm, refer such concerns to the Designated Safeguarding Lead, who will refer on to other agencies in accordance with the procedures issued by the DEC.
safeguard the welfare of children whilst in the school, through positive measures to address bullying, especially where this is aggravated by sexual or racial factors, disability or special educational needs, cyber bullying or Internet technologies
will ensure that all staff are aware of the Child Protection Procedures established by the IOMSCB and, where appropriate, the DEC, and act on any guidance or advice given by them;
will ensure through the recruitment and selection of volunteers and paid employees that all people who work in our school are suitable to work with children,
will act swiftly and make appropriate referrals to the DEC where an allegation is made that a member of staff has committed an offence against a child, harmed a child, or acted in a way that calls into question their suitability for working with children.
2 DESIGNATED SAFEGUARDING LEAD IN SCHOOL
2.1 The Designated Safeguarding Lead for safeguarding and child protection in this school is:
Mr Rob Coole
2.2 In his absence, these matters will be dealt with by the Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead:
Mrs Marie Bradley
2.3 The designated person is key to ensuring that proper procedures and policies are in place and are followed with regard to child safeguarding issues. They will also act as a dedicated resource available for other staff, volunteers and governors when they may have child protection concerns to discuss.
2.4 The school recognises that:
the Designated Safeguarding Lead need not be a teacher but must have the status and authority within the school management structure to carry out the duties of the post – they must therefore be a senior member of staff in the school.
all members of staff (including volunteers) must be made aware of who this person is and what their role is.
The Designated Safeguarding Lead will act as a source of advice and coordinate action within the school over child protection cases
The Designated Safeguarding Lead will need to liaise with other agencies and build good working relationships with colleagues from these agencies.
They should possess skills in recognising and dealing with child welfare concerns.
Appropriate training and support should be given.
The Designated Safeguarding Lead is the first person to whom members of staff report concerns.
The Designated Safeguarding Lead is responsible for referring cases of suspected abuse or allegations to the relevant investigating agencies according to the procedures established by the IOMSCB/DEC.
The Designated Safeguarding Lead is not responsible for dealing with allegations made against members of staff, unless the Designated Safeguarding Lead is also the Headteacher.
The Designated Safeguarding Lead will also ensure that the school is represented at Child Protection Conferences and that the required reports are written and available within the appropriate timescales.
2.5 To be effective they will:
Act as a source of advice, support and expertise within the school and be responsible for coordinating action regarding a request for service by liaising with the Children and Families Division of the Department of Social Care and other relevant agencies over suspicions that a child may be suffering harm.
Cascade safeguarding advice and guidance.
Where they have concerns that a request for service has not been dealt with in accordance with the child protection procedures, they can discuss this with the Head of Safeguarding and Welfare/members of the Safeguarding Unit and consider what needs to happen next.
Ensure each member of staff and volunteers at the school, and regular visitors (such as Education Welfare Officers, trainee teachers and supply teachers) are aware of and can access readily the Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy.
Liaise with the headteacher to inform him of any safeguarding issues and ongoing investigations and ensure there is always cover for the role.
Ensure that this policy is updated and reviewed regularly.
Be able to keep detailed accurate secure written records of referrals/concerns, and ensure that these are held in a secure place.
Ensure parents are aware of the Child Protection Policy in order to alert them to the fact that the school may need to make referrals of concerns to Children's Social Care. Raising parents’ awareness may avoid later conflict if the school does have to take appropriate action to safeguard a child.
Where children leave the school roll, ensure any child protection file is transferred to the new school as soon as possible. Both schools should sign a form to confirm the handover of the records, both schools should retain a copy of the transfer form.
Where a child leaves and the new school is not known, ensure that the local authority is alerted so that the child’s name can be included on the database for children missing from education.
2.5 The Designated Safeguarding Lead also has an important role in ensuring all staff and volunteers receive appropriate training. They should:
Attend training in how to identify abuse and know when it is appropriate to refer a case, (training is every two years).
Have a working knowledge of how IOMSCB operates and the conduct of a child protection case conference and be able to attend and contribute to these when required.
Attend any relevant training courses or workshops and then ensure that any new or key messages are passed to others as appropriate.
Make themselves (and any deputies) known to all staff, volunteers and governors (including new starters and supply teachers) and ensure those members of staff have had training in child protection. This should be relevant to their needs to enable them to identify and report any concerns to the Designated Safeguarding Lead immediately.
3.1 In order to ensure that children are protected whilst at this school, we will ensure that our staff and volunteers are carefully selected, screened, trained and supervised.
3.2 We accept that it is our responsibility to follow the guidance set out in DEC guidance
4.1 We understand that some people otherwise unsuitable for working with children may use volunteering to gain access to children; for this reason, any volunteers in the school, in whatever capacity, will be recruited in line with DEC Policy.
5 INDUCTION & TRAINING
5.1 All new members of staff will receive induction training, which will give them an overview of the organisation and ensure they know its purpose, values, services and structure, as well as how to identify and report abuse, child protection concerns within the appropriate levels of confidentiality.
5.2 All new staff at the school will receive child protection training and be given access to the Safeguarding and Child Protection policy on starting their work at the school.
5.3 All staff will be expected to attend training on safeguarding children and this will enable them to fulfil their responsibilities in respect of child protection effectively. The school will provide access to this training and new staff will also as part of their induction, complete the online safeguarding training which can be accessed via www.kwango.com
5.4 All staff will attend refresher training every two years, and the Designated Safeguarding Lead every two years.
5.5 Staff visiting the school for short periods of time e.g. 1 day supply cover, will receive information in relation to safeguarding children and the procedures they must follow.
5.7 For staff who are unable to access face to face Safeguarding awareness training the school expects them to complete online training as above. All NQTs and students are expected to have completed the Safeguarding awareness training prior to commencing their employment.
6 DEALING WITH CONCERNS
6.1 It is not the responsibility of any member of staff or volunteer to investigate any suspicions or concerns that a child/young person is at risk of or is suffering significant harm.
6.2 Their concerns should be reported to the Designated Safeguarding Lead immediately and should also be recorded using the school's Cause for Concern documentation.
6.3 A Cause for Concern is an action, observation or discussion that makes you feel anxious about the safety or wellbeing of a child.
6.4 All causes for concern must be recorded on the Cause for Concern record and must be passed to the Designated Safeguarding Lead immediately.
6.5 The Designated Safeguarding Lead will decide on the appropriate actions, completing the section 'For designated teacher use' on the Cause for Concern form.
6.6 The Designated Safeguarding Lead will consider if the issue needs to be passed to another agency.
6.7 A Child Protection file may also be raised in line with the policy and direction issued by the DEC.
6.8 All discussions, telephone calls and meetings in relation to the child/young person must be recorded.
6.9 All discussions, telephone calls and meetings in relation to the child/young person must be recorded on the monitoring record sheet.
7 SAFEGUARDING IN SCHOOL
7.1 As well as ensuring that child protection concerns are addressed, we will also ensure that children who attend the school are kept safe from harm whilst they are in our charge.
7.2 To this end, this policy must be seen in conjunction with the school and government policies on:
Personal, Social and Health Education and Sex and Relationships Education; child protection issues will be addressed through the curriculum as appropriate.
Anti-bullying Policy; the school will also ensure that bullying and racial harassment is identified and dealt with so that any harm caused by other students can be minimised. We will pay particular attention to sexualized behaviour, or bullying that is homophobic in nature, cyber bullying or where there appear to be links to domestic abuse in the family home. Incidents of bullying will be investigated and recorded.
Code of conduct for staff
Behaviour and discipline
Health & Safety
Physical Intervention - managing challenging behaviour
Allegations against members of staff
Information sharing policy
8 PHOTOGRAPHING CHILDREN
8.1 We understand that parents like to take photos of or video record their children in the school play, or at sports day, or school presentations. This is a normal part of family life, and we will not discourage parents from celebrating their child’s successes.
8.2 However, if there are Health and Safety issues associated with this - i.e. the use of a flash when taking photos could distract or dazzle the child, and cause them to have an accident, we will encourage parents to use film or settings on their camera that do not require flash.
8.3 We will not allow others (visitors to school e.g. theatre groups or workshop providers) to photograph or film students during a school activity without the parent’s permission.
8.4 We will not allow images of students to be used on school websites, publicity, or press releases, without express permission from the parent, and if we do obtain such permission, we will not identify individual children by name.
8.5 The school cannot however be held accountable for photographs or video footage taken by parents or members of the public at school functions.
8.6 At the start of each academic year parental consent to the taking and use of photographs and videos will be updated for each student
8.7 The allowing of photographs and videos will be at the discretion of the Headteacher.
9 CONFIDENTIALITY and INFORMATION SHARING (refer to the School Confidentiality and Information Sharing Policy)
9.1 The school, and all members of staff at the school, will ensure that all data about students is handled in accordance with the requirements of the law, and any national and local guidance.
9.2 Any member of staff who has access to sensitive information about a child or the child’s family must take all reasonable steps to ensure that such information is only disclosed to those people who need to know.
9.3 Regardless of the duty of confidentiality, if any member of staff has reason to believe that a child may be suffering harm, or be at risk of harm, their duty is to forward this information without delay to the Designated Safeguarding Lead.
10 CONDUCT OF STAFF
10.1 The school has a duty to ensure that high standards of professional behaviour exist between staff and children, and that all members of staff are clear about what constitutes appropriate behaviour and professional boundaries.
10.2 At all times, members of staff are required to work in a professional way with children. All staff should be aware of the dangers inherent in:
working alone with a child
cultural and gender stereotyping
dealing with sensitive information
giving to and receiving gifts from children and parents
contacting children through private telephones (including texting), e-mail, MSN, or social networking websites.
disclosing personal details inappropriately
meeting students and families outside school hours or school duties
10.3 If any member of staff has reasonable suspicion that a child is suffering harm, and fails to act in accordance with this policy and the IOMSCB procedures, we will view this as misconduct, and take appropriate action.
10.4 An agreed Whistle Blowing policy in relation to safeguarding (appendix 1) supports the school ethos where students and staff can talk freely about concerns knowing they will be listened to and appropriate action taken.
10.5 There are a range of mechanisms in place to ensure that students feel comfortable to express their concerns to adults for example:
Through encouragement to discuss issues with class teachers/support staff
Via the school council meetings
An open approach to discussing issues with staff
11 ALLEGATIONS AGAINST MEMBERS OF STAFF
11.1 If anyone makes an allegation that any member of staff (including any volunteer or Governor) may have:
* Possibly committed an offence against or related to a child
* Behaved in a way that has harmed or may have harmed a child
* Behaved towards a child in a way which indicates s/he would pose a risk of harm if they worked regularly or directly with children.
11.2 The allegation will be dealt with in accordance with guidance issued by the DEC.
11.3 The Headteacher, rather than the designated member of staff will handle such allegations, unless the allegation is against the Headteacher, when the Chair of Governors will handle the school’s response.
12 PHYSICAL CONTACT AND RESTRAINT
12.1 Members of staff may have to make physical interventions with children. Members of staff will only do this in line with school policy on managing challenging behaviour. Handling should be seen as a last resort after all deescalation techniques have failed and the health and safety of pupils is put at risk.
12.2 All staff should have undertaken Team Teach training and interventions should be in accordance with the Team Teach principles.
13 BEFORE AND AFTER SCHOOL ACTIVITIES
13.1 Where the school transfers control of the use of the school premises to bodies (such as sports clubs) to provide out of school hours activities, we will ensure that these bodies have appropriate safeguarding and child protection policies and procedures in place, and that there are arrangements in place to link with the school on such matters. Such considerations will be made explicit in any contract or service level agreement with the bodies. DEC lettings will oversee such arrangements.
14 CONTRACTED SERVICES
14.1 Where the DEC contracts its services to outside providers, they will ensure that these providers have appropriate safeguarding and child protection policies and procedures, and that there are arrangements in place to link with the school on such matters. Such considerations will be made explicit in any contract or service level agreement with the provider.
15 PROVISION TO HELP PUPILS STAY SAFE
15.1 Safeguarding permeates through all aspects of the wider school curriculum. The following examples are not exhaustive but give a flavour for how safeguarding is promoted at Anagh Coar Primary School.
PSHE - Through a personalised PSHE programme (PATHS) that specifically meets the needs of our children, they learn to engage with others in a safe and mutually respectful way. Our anti-bullying policy is reinforced regularly. Pupils who have particular needs or difficulties in these areas are supported by a range of social and emotional support strategies and programmes, as well as receiving additional individual support from parents and staff. Our highly effective work with other agencies ensures that children are well-placed to keep themselves and other children safe in their everyday lives.
16 IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING, EVALUATION AND REVIEW
16.1 All adults in school will receive a copy of the Safeguarding and Child Protection Policy and will be asked to sign to say that they have read and agree to follow its procedures. It will be discussed at least annually at staff meetings. Safeguarding and Child Protection will be regularly discussed at meetings/briefings where there are updates to policy and procedures.
16.2 The effectiveness of the policy will be reviewed and evaluated by the school’s Senior Leadership Team and the Governing Body annually in light of any specific incidents or changes to local/national guidance.
16.3 The Headteacher will report on safeguarding matters through the report at each full governing body meeting.
17 PARENTS AND CARERS
17.1 Parents and carers will be informed that they can have a paper copy of the Safeguarding and Child Protection Policy on request.
17.2 Schools should be proactive in their consultations and involvement with parents and carers where there are child protection concerns unless this would be prejudicial to the safety and wellbeing of the child/young person.
Safeguarding Children: Whistle Blowing
Staff must acknowledge their individual responsibility to bring matters of concern to the attention of the Designated Safeguarding Lead. Although this can be difficult this is particularly important where the welfare of children may be at risk. You may be the first to recognise that something is wrong but may not feel able to express your concerns out of a feeling that this would be disloyal to colleagues or you may fear harassment or victimisation. These feelings, however natural, must never result in a child or young person continuing to be unnecessarily at risk. Remember it is often the most vulnerable children or young people who are targeted. These children need someone like you to safeguard their welfare.
Don't think what if I'm wrong - think what if I’m right
Reasons for whistleblowing
Each individual has a responsibility for raising concerns about unacceptable practice or behaviour in order to:
• prevent the problem worsening or widening
• protect or reduce risks to others
• prevent becoming implicated yourself
What stops people from whistleblowing
• Starting a chain of events which spirals
• Disrupting the work or project
• Fear of getting it wrong
• Fear of repercussions or damaging careers
• Fear of not being believed
How to raise a concern
• You should voice your concerns, suspicions or uneasiness as soon as you feel you can. The earlier a concern is expressed the easier and sooner action can be taken.
• Try to pinpoint exactly what practice is concerning you and why.
• Approach the Headteacher/Designated Safeguarding Lead
• If your concern is about your immediate manager/Headteacher, or you feel you need to take it to someone outside the school, contact the Chair of Governors, Mrs Louise Strickett, or the Director of Education, Mr Geoff Moorcroft.
• Make sure you get a satisfactory response - don't let matters rest.
• Put your concerns in writing, outlining the background and history, giving names, dates and places where you can.
• A member of staff is not expected to prove the truth of an allegation but you will need to demonstrate sufficient grounds for the concern.
What happens next?
• You should be given information on the nature and progress of any enquiries.
• Your employer has a responsibility to protect you from harassment or victimisation.
• No action will be taken against you if the concern proves to be unfounded and was raised in good faith.
• Malicious allegations may be considered as a disciplinary offence.
There may be occasions where a member of staff has a personal difficulty, perhaps a physical or mental health problem, which they know to be impinging on their professional competence. Staff have a responsibility to discuss such a situation with their line manager so professional and personal support can be offered. Whilst such reporting will remain confidential in most instances, this cannot be guaranteed where personal difficulties raise concerns about the welfare or safety of children.
Further advice and support
It is recognised that whistleblowing can be difficult and stressful. Advice and support is available from your line manager, HR department and/or your professional or trade union.
Appendix 2: Definitions and Symptoms of Abuse
There are four main categories of abuse – physical injury, neglect, sexual abuse and emotional abuse. The list of symptoms given is not exhaustive or comprehensive but consists of frequently observed symptoms. It is important to remember that most abuse involves more than one main type, for example, sexual and emotional abuse may be recognised together. These symptoms, for example cuts and grazes, may also be accidental and not a sign of abuse.
Actual or risk of physical injury to a child or failure to prevent physical injury (or suffering) to a child, including deliberate poisoning, suffocation and factitious illness by proxy. This includes excessive punishment.
Behaviour changes/wet bed/withdrawal/regression Finger marks
Frequent unexplained injuries Broken bones
Afraid of physical contact Cuts and grazes
Violent behaviour during role play Cigarette burns
Unwillingness to change clothes Cowering
Aggressive language and use of threats Bruising in unusual areas
Changing explanation of injuries Not wanting to go with parent/carer
Actual or risk of persistent or severe neglect of a child or the failure to protect a child from exposure to any kind of danger, including cold or starvation. Extreme failure to carry out important aspects of care, resulting in the significant impairment of the child’s health or development, including failure to thrive.
Lack of appropriate clothing Dirty Cold – complaining of
Body sores Hunger – complaining of Urine smells
Unkempt hair No parental interest Not wanting to communicate
Behaviour problems Attention seeking Lack of respect
Often in trouble – police Bullying Use of bad language
Always out at all hours Lack of confidence – low self-esteem
Stealing Jealousy Significantly underweight
Actual or risk of sexual exploitation of a child or adolescent. The child may be dependent and/or developmentally immature. The involvement of dependent, immature children and adolescents in activities to which they are unable to give informed consent or that violate the social taboos of family roles.
Inappropriate behaviour – language Withdrawn
Change of behaviour Role play
Rejecting physical contact or demanding attention Rocking
Physical evidence – marks, bruising Knowledge
Pain going to toilet, strong urine Stained underwear
Bruising/marks near genital area Drawing – inappropriate knowledge
Relationships with other adults or children for example, being forward
Actual or risk of severe adverse effect on the emotional and behavioural development of a child caused by persistent or severe emotional ill-treatment or rejection. It is important to remember that all abuse involves some emotional ill-treatment.
Withdrawn Not wanting to socialise
Cringing Bad behaviour
Aggression Behaviour changes
Bribery by parent Self infliction
Lack of confidence Attention seeking
Isolation from peers – unable to communicate Clingy
Afraid of authoritative figures Treating others as you have been treated
Picking up points through conversation with children